威脅國安 美國宣布斥資19億 拆除華為、中興設備


  • https://hk.epochtimes.com/news/2021-09-28/87521743
    美國聯邦通信委員會(U.S. Federal Communications Commission, FCC)周一(9月27日)宣布,將啟動一項19億美元的項目,將資助美國農村電信營運商移除華為、中興等被視為威脅美國國家安全的網絡設備。

    該項目於今年7月敲定,將於10月29日開始接受申請,並截止到2022年1月14日。

    去年,美國聯邦通信委員會將華為和中興的網絡設備指定為威脅美國通信網絡國家安全。這一聲明叫停了美國公司動用83億美元的政府資金從這兩家中國公司購買設備的計劃。

    去年12月,美國聯邦通信委員會制定了一項規定,要求擁有中興或華為設備的營運商「拆除並更換」這些設備。

    對於農村營運商來說,拆除和更換設備將面臨高昂的成本,而且難以找到工人來做。

    FCC的最終命令將有資格獲得補貼的公司的範圍,從擁有200萬或更少客戶的公司,擴大到擁有1,000萬或更少客戶的公司。

    FCC在2020年9月估計,從網絡中移除和替換華為和中興的設備,將花費18.37億美元。

    今年6月,美國聯邦通信委員會又投票通過了一項決議,禁止華為和中興等被認為對美國國家安全構成威脅的中國公司,向美國電信網絡提供設備。聯邦通信委員會還可能撤銷此前發給中國公司的設備授權。

    東網:

    中國科企華為太子女孟晚舟在加拿大獲釋,但美國多次表明不會放過華為。美國聯邦通訊委員會(FCC)周二(28日)宣布,將啟動19億美元(約148億港元)的計劃,補償大部分農村電訊營運商,以助他們拆除華為、中興通訊等被視為國家安全威脅的華企生產的網絡設備。

    該計劃於7月13日通過,於下月29日開始接受申請,直到明年1月14日為止。FCC表示,計劃將資助合資格營運商移除、更換及棄置去年6月30日或之前獲得上述華企的網絡設備和服務,但2018年4月17日前的則不予報銷。當局同時會補貼營運商聘用專門更換設備人員的工資。

    FCC於7月把華為、中興通訊、海康威視、海能達及大華技術5間中國科企列入黑名單,指控其對美國國家安全構成威脅,並通過補貼計劃要求美國小型電訊公司,拆除及更換上述華企設備,並把合資格獲得補償的公司從有200萬或以下客户的規模,擴展至有1,000萬或以下客户的公司。

    https://www.reuters.com/business/media-telecom/us-open-program-replace-huawei-equipment-us-networks-2021-09-27/
    WASHINGTON, Sept 27 (Reuters) - The U.S. Federal Communications Commission (FCC) on Monday said it would open a $1.9 billion program to reimburse mostly rural U.S. telecom carriers for removing network equipment made by Chinese companies deemed national security threats like Huawei [RIC:RIC:HWT.UL] and ZTE Corp (000063.SZ).

    The program, which was finalized in July, will open Oct. 29 for applications through Jan. 14, 2022.

    Last year, the FCC designated Huawei and ZTE as national security threats to communications networks - a declaration that barred U.S. firms from tapping an $8.3 billion government fund to purchase equipment from the companies. The FCC in December adopted rules requiring carriers with ZTE or Huawei equipment to "rip and replace" that equipment.

    The issue is a big one for rural carriers that face high costs and difficulty finding workers to remove and replace equipment.

    The FCC's final order expanded the companies eligible for reimbursement from those with 2 million or fewer customers to those with 10 million or fewer customers.

    The FCC in September 2020 estimated it would cost $1.837 billion to remove and replace Huawei and ZTE equipment from networks.

    In June, the FCC voted to advance a plan to ban approvals for equipment in U.S. telecommunications networks from Chinese companies deemed national security threats like Huawei and ZTE. The FCC could also revoke prior equipment authorizations issued to Chinese companies. In March, the FCC designated five Chinese companies as posing a threat to national security under a 2019 law aimed at protecting U.S. communications networks.

    The affected companies included the previously designated Huawei and ZTE, as well as Hytera Communications Corp (002583.SZ), Hangzhou Hikvision Digital Technology Co (002415.SZ) and Zhejiang Dahua Technology Co (002236.SZ).

    In August 2020, the U.S. government barred federal agencies from buying goods or services from any of the five Chinese companies.

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